Published December 15th, 2020
What is an Electrical Inspection Checklist?
An electrical inspection checklist is an essential tool to determine if your workers and worksite conditions adhere to electrical compliance safety rules. Electrical equipment should undergo quality and safety checks before operating. Inadequate checks and poor training can lead to serious electrical injuries and fatalities.
In this article, we will briefly discuss the following:
- What does an electrical inspection entail?
- Top reasons to perform electrical inspections
- Developing an electrical maintenance checklist and plan
- Streamlining electrical safety audits with a mobile app
An electrical safety checklist accompanies a site walkthrough to identify and report on common electrical hazards. This involves checking if safety barriers and signs are in place, ensuring that tools and equipment are in pristine condition, and looking for exposed wiring that needs proper guarding mechanisms among others.
An electrical inspection is performed by a qualified person who is trained and knowledgeable in the construction and operation of electrical systems. It helps to identify unsafe equipment, faulty installation, and unfollowed work practices. Here are the key reasons why you should perform electrical inspections:
To Keep Electrical Hazards at Bay
OSHA recorded that electrocution is the most common hazard and one of the fatal 4 across the construction industry. Performing electrical inspections help prevent electrical hazards in the workplace and ensures a safe environment for all employees.
To Ensure Compliance with Regulatory Standards
Businesses need to comply with regulatory standards to prevent unnecessary incidents, lawsuits, and criminal investigations. Complying with OSHA’s electrical standards helps to protect employees from exposure to danger such as electric shock, electrocution, fires, and explosions.
To Secure Insurance Claims
Insurance companies require evidence to support insurance claims. Accurate record-keeping serves as a record in the event of incidents and damages. It substantiates the facts that you have gathered during the electrical inspection.
Electrical safety inspections are an essential part of an overarching electrical maintenance plan. Coming up with an effective electrical maintenance checklist and plan requires the following resources:
A dedicated team and budget
An in-house facilities team must have at least one electrician, maybe more depending on the size of the building and how much equipment and wiring is involved in its operation. Allocating sufficient funds to the facilities team to cover electrician salaries, including maintenance tools, and equipment, is the first step to having an effective electrical maintenance plan.
Knowledge of the specific electrical equipment on-hand
While almost all equipment and facilities used in business operations are powered by electricity, not all of them work the same way. For example, fuses and circuit-breakers need to match the circuits they are protecting so they can effectively stop electrical overloads when they occur. Knowing the working details of your operation’s electrical equipment is a must since electrical maintenance plans should be tailored in order to be effective.
Back-up equipment and materials for necessary repairs and replacements
Finding out what needs fixing and replacing is half the electrical maintenance plans’ job. The other half is actually fixing and replacing the electrical equipment critical to the continued operation of the business. For this reason, an inventory of back-up equipment and materials must be available so the necessary repairs and replacements can be done as soon as potential problems are identified.
A regular electrical maintenance schedule
In most business operations, electrical equipment and wiring are constantly at work. After sufficient wear and tear, dangerous electrical malfunctions are more likely to occur. A regular electrical maintenance schedule must be established and diligently followed in order to identify dangerous instances of equipment and wiring damage before they cause accidents that can lead to injuries or fatalities.
Complete, easily accessible electrical maintenance logs
Each time a scheduled or ad-hoc electrical maintenance check is done, electricians and other maintenance personnel must record and document their findings and observations. Prior to performing the subsequent electrical maintenance check, they must consult the previous maintenance check’s observations and notes to inform their inspection. This is why a complete database of easily accessible electrical maintenance logs must be maintained.
Electrical safety is the responsibility of all business operations. Not only does it concern the safety of your workers and personnel, your operational efficiency can also be hindered by poor electrical safety and maintenance practices.
With the help of a powerful mobile app such as iAuditor by SafetyCulture, you can take advantage of these useful features that can help streamline your electrical safety and maintenance auditing experience:
- Go paperless and convert your existing electrical inspection checklists and templates into our digital format. You can also create smart templates from scratch using our drag-and-drop template builder; no coding needed
- Perform inspections on-the-go using your mobile device even while offline. iAuditor automatically saves your inspection data once you connect to the internet
- Take pictures and annotate identified risks and important findings for a more comprehensive report
- Immediately generate professional reports after completing your inspection and automatically send them to the right personnel, making visibility and reporting easier
- Save all of your inspection and maintenance reports via unlimited and secure cloud storage
5 Featured Electrical Safety Checklists
Electrical Safety Inspection Checklist
Use this template to assess the compliance of electrical safety measures for a given worksite. Do a site walkthrough and inspect the electrical tools and equipment being used (e.g switches, power lines, appliances, installations, wiring, cables and cords). Evaluate if the workers are knowledgeable on electrical safety measures and are aware of their responsibility to report any hazards. Check that lock out tag out procedures are being followed by workers before performing any electrical maintenance and installation work. Provide an overall safety assessment of the workplace in managing electrical hazards.
Electrical Hazard Checklist
Use this checklist before you commence work each day to check for hazards that could cause an electrocution. Initially check if general electrical safety measures are followed. Next inspect if power tools, extension and flexible cords are safely utilized. Evaluate if grounding procedures are applied to all equipment and tools. Lastly, determine if employees comply with the safety regulations when working around power lines (if applicable). Provide an overall hazard rating and recommendations to improve safety.
Lock Out Tag Out (LOTO) Checklist
LOTO procedures are critical when performing maintenance and repairs on electrical equipment to protect repairers and nearby workers. Use this LOTO checklist before servicing industrial equipment. Check the quality and efficiency of LOTO devices being used and rate the overall LOTO process. Browse here for more LOTO checklists.
Accident Report Form
An accident report helps to track improvement on electrical safety. Use this template to document accidents caused by faulty electrical wires and short circuits or any electrical hazards detected. Record information of the injured person, injury details and the contributing factors to the accident. You may also document emergency services involved, hospitalization information and witness statements. Use iAuditor to collate accident records for safety purposes.
Fire Extinguisher Checklist
Electrical hazards and faults can cause fire or explosions in the workplace. Having ready access to functional fire extinguishers can prevent fires from spreading and save lives. Use this checklist to perform your monthly fire extinguisher inspections in the workplace. Check to ensure you have the correct extinguishers for the relevant hazards and they are charged and not defective.
Electrical Maintenance Checklist
Electricians and maintenance personnel can use this electrical maintenance checklist as a guide to ensure all of the electrical equipment and assets are in good condition, including insulators, supports connectors, batteries, and chargers.