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An extensive guide about the vehicle inspection process, parts of the vehicle to be inspected, how to prepare for a vehicle inspection, and vehicle inspection tool to ensure roadworthiness
Published March 26th, 2021
A vehicle inspection is a process of assessing the overall condition of a vehicle. It is performed to evaluate the operational needs of a vehicle including maintenance, repair, and replacement works. It is a crucial task that helps prevent operational deficiencies such as delays, costly repairs, and non-compliance with safety standards.
Vehicle inspection is paramount in fleet businesses. It is a mandatory requirement by Federal law to limit the occurrence of vehicle-related incidents. A regular vehicle inspection helps the business to:
A vehicle inspection or car inspection will take depending on the country’s processes, laws, safety policies, and requirements. It varies from the state inspection routine, car condition, make, model, brand, and vehicle damages. Basic inspection processes are as follows:
Vehicle parts inspection is an essential requirement to maintain the operational condition of a vehicle. It spots car issues before it gets critical and ensures its roadworthiness. A vehicle inspection checklist is used by an authorized inspector to identify defects and mechanical issues for most vehicles.
A vehicle inspection checklist aims to identify mechanical issues of any vehicle. It is used to prevent car issues by assessing all vehicle parts to determine if the vehicle is good to go, needs repair service, or parts replacement.
The following essential car parts need to be inspected:
The above-mentioned are not only applicable to light vehicles but to commercial vehicles as well including trucks, buses, and other heavy vehicles. A heavy vehicle inspection is conducted by the Department of Transportation (DOT) requiring all commercial motor vehicles (CMV) weighing more than 10,000 pounds to be evaluated to ensure vehicle parts are safe and in good working condition.
A heavy inspection checklist is used by a certified technician to identify problems and mechanical issues to prepare heavy vehicles for DOT annual inspection.
Heavy Vehicle Inspection Checklist | iAuditor
Emission testing is a set of emission standards prescribed by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to minimize the number of hazardous air pollutants released by motor vehicles. It is a critical protocol used to determine if the vehicle passes the inspection. An emission test is performed to confirm the specific condition of the vehicle to secure it does not belch hazardous fumes or exhaust excessive smog.
Smog technicians in emission testing centers use smog checklists to record any findings and observations that may indicate unsafe vehicular conditions or non-compliance with regulatory standards. It helps technicians to assess the overall condition of the vehicle to decide if it passes the inspection.
A smog checklist is used to document the measured vehicle emissions and indicate if they are within acceptable levels according to regulations. It helps record the measured Hydrocarbons (HC), Carbon Monoxide (CO), and Oxides of Nitrogen (NOx) to see if the vehicle passed or failed the smog check.
Depending on the state’s processes, emission testing can vary with the following test types.
Vehicle roadworthiness is necessary to ensure road safety. Road test helps establish vehicle safety under practical operating conditions. Before hitting the road, a pre-trip inspection helps to proactively catch vehicular issues and avoid unscheduled disruptions to vehicle operation.
A pre-trip inspection checklist is a tool used to conduct a thorough inspection of vehicles to catch issues that may deem the vehicle unfit for operation. It is used before operating vehicles to lower the risk of road incidents and conform to regulations.
The road test helps evaluate the mechanical safety of the vehicle to pass the vehicle inspection. It thoroughly observes the following defects:
Certification shows the overall summary of vehicle inspection. It is a declaration that the vehicle passed the inspection testing process. Certification is necessary when seeking approval for vehicle registration. A sticker is given to be placed on the vehicle windshield and license plate as evidence that the vehicle passed the inspection process.
Avoid the hassle of wasting time and the risk of failing the test. Prepare the vehicle by conducting regular car parts inspection to ensure roadworthiness. This can help expedite the vehicle inspection process and ensure no common issues can be detected including defective brake systems, worn-out tires, or battery-related problems. Addressing found issues immediately can prevent worsening the damage, costly repairs, and failing vehicle inspections.
Vehicle inspection is critical to fleet management and technology plays an important role to streamline inspection processes. A cost-efficient digital solution like iAuditor by SafetyCulture can help maintain vehicles’ roadworthiness through regular inspections. It helps promote driver and customer safety by clearly identifying vehicle issues and taking corrective actions immediately.
Get started with iAuditor as a vehicle inspection app to oversee and manage fleet conditions easily. It can help save time capturing photo evidence in-app using a mobile device and create vehicle inspection reports easily right after the inspection with just a tap of a finger.
Taking advantage of this flexible vehicle inspection software, enables fleet managers to identify issues immediately and experience these benefits:
iAuditor is a customizable mobile inspection app mainly used to improve and maintain safety and quality in numerous industries. It offers a number of ready-to-use vehicle inspection checklists that can effectively be used in fleet management to efficiently detect signs of vehicle damage. iAuditor is available on Android and iOS.
SafetyCulture staff writer
Jona has been part of SafetyCulture for more than 2 years contributing her experience in writing quality and well-researched content. She usually writes a topic about risks, safety, and quality.
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