Top 4 Construction Risk Assessment Templates

Assess and report hazards on the spot
Risk assessments made easy

Published December 10th, 2020

What is a Construction Risk Assessment?

A construction risk assessment is a critical examination of health and safety hazards at a construction site. Performing regular construction risk assessments can help construction stakeholders comply with health and safety regulations. Construction risk assessments can help safety teams implement corrective measures to protect workers from health and safety threats.

This article will briefly discuss:

  1. The risks in construction;
  2. The best mobile app to streamline your construction risk assessments and steps in writing a good one; and 3
  3. The top 4 construction risk assessment templates you can download and customize for free.

What are the risks in construction?

The construction industry poses numerous hazards and risks accounting for a high number of serious injuries and accidents. Most accidents are due to the Fatal Four, namely falls, electrocution, struck by object and caught in/ between objects.

To help you avoid such incidents, we have listed each of the fatal four, their common causes and some safety best practices to follow.

FALLS

Injuries from falls are the most common cause of construction site fatalities. Incidents mainly account to lack of personal fall arrest systems, poor general safety equipment (safety net, guardrails etc), and improper use of ladders or scaffolds. Employers should establish effective fall preventive measures to protect employees from such risks:

  • Train employees on correct procedures when working at heights i.e. correct usage and choice of ladders, correct usage of personal fall arrest systems
  • Encourage workers to wear appropriate PPE (i.e. hard hats and complete safety harnesses)
  • Safety equipment on site must be in place at all times (i.e. horizontal lifeline, personal fall arrest system, safety net, guardrails, proper ladders and scaffolding)
  • Make sure elevated platforms are safe and secure

STRUCK BY OBJECT

Struck-by hazards are the second highest cause of fatalities among construction workers. According to Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), struck-by injuries accounted for 80 construction worker deaths in 2017. Struck-by object incidents include workers getting accidentally hit by a falling debris or by equipment moving parts. The following safety practices can help mitigate struck-by-objects injuries:

  • Wear appropriate PPE ( i.e. hard hats, safety goggles and steel-toe boots/ shoes)
  • Train employees to be aware of their working environment for possible discharge from equipment or any falling debris
  • Steer clear of swinging equipment/ load and equipment with moving parts
  • If possible, avoid areas where work is being performed overhead

ELECTROCUTION

Electrical hazards account for more than 300 deaths and 4,000 injuries each year. Injuries and other incidents are often caused by faulty wires or equipment, unsafe location of electrical outlets and improper use of extension or cords. Here are safety tips to follow to reduce risks from electrical hazards:

  • Implement Lockout-tagout (LOTO) procedure at all times
  • Always wear appropriate PPE (i.e. safety goggles/ glasses, face shield and insulated gloves)
  • Follow safe distances when working with overhead power lines
  • Provide training on proper usage of electrical equipment and electrical safety

CAUGHT IN/ BETWEEN OBJECTS

According to OSHA, accidents caused by getting caught in or between objects accounted for 50 construction worker deaths in 2017. Caught in/ between object accidents may happen when a worker’s body or hand’s gets caught, pinched, squeezed or crushed in moving parts of unguarded machinery. Prevent caught in/ between risks through these safety tips:

  • Avoid wearing loose clothing and jewelry
  • If applicable, pull your hair up
  • Be aware of your surrounding work area
  • Avoid usage of equipment with missing parts or equipment that have been de-energized
  • Avoid the radius of moving equipment or equipment with moving parts

How do you write a construction risk assessment with iAuditor?

iAuditor is the world’s #1 mobile inspection app and can help streamline your construction risk assessments. No need to carry sheets of paper for your inspections; create and conduct risk assessments using your mobile device. Here are some steps for writing a construction risk assessment with iAuditor:

  1. Provide all necessary details such as company or site name, people involved, date and time, and location.
  2. Identify all tasks being performed.
  3. Determine the hazards associated with the tasks performed by the workers. Hazards can either be working at heights, electrical tasks, use of heavy types of machinery or lockout, and tag-out procedures.
  4. Identify hazard risk rating – low, medium, high.
  5. Provide a description of the hazards.
  6. Add photos and annotations to make the report more comprehensive.
  7. Affix signatures from all involved personnel. 

We have created these four construction risk assessment templates which cover construction risk assessments, a site safety observation report, and a general risk assessment template. Set and assign corrective measures in a few taps. Generate a final report without leaving your site. Download and customize these templates for free. No programming skills needed.

SafetyCulture staff writer

Jona Tarlengco

Jona has been part of SafetyCulture for more than 2 years contributing her experience in writing quality and well-researched content. She usually writes a topic about risks, safety, and quality.

Jona has been part of SafetyCulture for more than 2 years contributing her experience in writing quality and well-researched content. She usually writes a topic about risks, safety, and quality.

SafetyCulture staff writer

Jona Tarlengco

Jona has been part of SafetyCulture for more than 2 years contributing her experience in writing quality and well-researched content. She usually writes a topic about risks, safety, and quality.

Jona has been part of SafetyCulture for more than 2 years contributing her experience in writing quality and well-researched content. She usually writes a topic about risks, safety, and quality.