Getting Started with Agile Methodologies

Explore the benefits of agile project management and how these methodologies can improve your team’s productivity.

people following agile methodologies

What is the Agile Methodology?

The Agile methodology is a flexible and iterative approach to project management that emphasizes collaboration, adaptability, and continuous improvement. It was initially developed for software development but has since been applied to various industries and projects.

Agile methodologies prioritize customer satisfaction, delivering working products quickly and frequently, and responding to change over following a rigid plan. The approach values individuals and interactions over processes and tools and encourages face-to-face communication and teamwork.

Agile methodologies have become increasingly popular as businesses strive to stay competitive in dynamic markets. By implementing Agile practices, teams can quickly adapt to changing requirements and customer needs, resulting in products that meet or exceed expectations.

The Philosophy

Agile project management has gained widespread adoption and is now considered the industry standard, with approximately 95 percent of organizations utilizing some form of Agile.

In Agile projects, several smaller cycles are called Sprints. Each sprint is a mini-project within the predefined scope of work with a backlog and design, implementation, testing, and deployment stages.

The goal of each sprint is to deliver a potentially shippable increment of the product. The product gains new features each iteration, leading to gradual project expansion. The risk of providing a product that may fail is reduced by validating the features in the earlier stages of development.


Software development often uses agile project management because software changes constantly. Despite this, the Agile methodology applies to any project since it offers several benefits, including.

Promotes Adaptability

Agile processes allow for quick strategy shifts without disrupting the project flow. Unlike other methods, such as the waterfall method, where each phase flows into the other, making strategy shifts challenging and disrupting the project roadmap. That’s why Agile project management is favored in projects such as software development.

Fosters Collaborative Teamwork

One of the principles of Agile methodology asserts that face-to-face communication is the most efficient way to interact with the project team. This principle and encouragement to break down project silos are a recipe for collaborative teamwork. Despite advancements in technology and more remote-friendly work policies, the importance of face-to-face interaction remains unchanged.

Focuses On Customer Needs

Agile methodologies prioritize customer needs and center the development process around delivering value. By comprehending and fulfilling the customer’s requirements, the development team can create a product that meets their needs and achieves the desired outcomes.

Agile teams utilize a process of continuous feedback and iteration, seeking input from customers throughout the development of a project to ensure the final product meets their expectations.

What are the 4 Pillars of Agile?

According to the Agile Manifesto, Agile project management has four main pillars, which are outlined below:

  • Individuals over processes and tools – Agile teams prioritize collaboration and teamwork, placing less emphasis on independent work and rigid adherence to protocols.
  • Working software over comprehensive documentation – The main focus for Agile teams is to develop functional software, while documentation is less of a priority.
  • Customer collaboration over contract negotiation – Customers are given a significant role in guiding the direction of software development. As such, customer collaboration holds greater importance than the specifics of contract negotiation.
  • Adapting to changes rather than following a plan – Agile offers flexibility, enabling teams to promptly adjust their strategies and workflows without disrupting the whole project.

What are the 12 Agile Principles?

From the four pillars of Agile methodology, 12 principles exist to create and support a work environment focused on customer satisfaction, align to business objectives, and respond and pivot quickly as user needs and market forces change. Below are the 12 principles.

  1. Deliver customer satisfaction through early, continuous improvementRegular updates increase the likelihood of customers seeing desired changes in the product. Consequently, this can improve customer satisfaction and recurring revenue increase.
  2. Embrace change, even late in a project – The Agile framework prioritizes adaptability. In iterative processes such as Agile methodology, lacking flexibility can result in negative consequences.
  3. Deliver value frequently – Churn is less likely to occur when you often deliver value to your customers or stakeholders.
  4. Break the silos of your projects – Effective collaboration is a crucial aspect of the Agile framework. Hence, the objective is to encourage individuals to collaborate and collaborate on projects more often.
  5. Build projects around motivated individuals – Teams that work actively to achieve goals are more likely to succeed using agile methods.
  6. The most effective way to communicate is face-to-face – Those working on distributed teams are recommended to prioritize communication methods that involve face-to-face interaction, such as Zoom calls.
  7. Working software is the primary measure of progress – The primary objective of teams using the Agile framework is to develop functional software above all other considerations successfully.
  8. Maintain a sustainable working pace – The Agile methodology involves a certain level of speed, but it’s essential to maintain a pace that doesn’t lead to burnout among team members. The objective is to ensure sustainability throughout the project.
  9. Continuous excellence enhances agility – Maintaining operational excellence allows for smoother adaptation to changes and increased agility.
  10. Simplicity is essential – The most effective solution can often be simple. Agile aims to simplify solutions for complex issues without unnecessary complications.
  11. Self-organizing teams generate the most value – Proactive teams can provide significant value to the company through their efforts to deliver results.
  12. Regularly reflect and adjust your work to boost effectiveness – Retrospective meetings are a common practice in Agile methodology. The development team reviews their performance and changes for future improvements.

Agile Methodologies

The Agile framework encompasses various iterations. Here are some of the widely used Agile methodologies:


Kanban is a methodology that allows organizations to visualize their workflow and set limits for work in progress. This method is utilized when tasks are received unexpectedly and require immediate execution for other pending tasks without delay.


The Lean methodology uses tools and principles to reduce waste to enhance process development speed. The goal is to optimize value and minimize waste. Lean is utilized in various industries that generate waste.


Scrum is a framework utilized by teams to create a hypothesis, experiment, analyze the results, and make necessary modifications. Teams using this methodology can incorporate practices from various frameworks as required. The process involves cross-functional teams working on product development, with the work being divided into multiple 2-4 week iterations.


This methodology focuses on human interactions rather than on tools and processes. It operates based on the principle that projects are dynamic and unique, intending to optimize processes. Crystal emphasizes team communication, continuous integration, user involvement, and adaptable processes.

Extreme Programming (XP)

Extreme Programming (XP) is commonly utilized in software development. It emphasizes values that promote teamwork and includes regular releases and iterations but differs in its technical approach. XP is ideal for teams that need to swiftly release and address customer needs, focusing on the method of achieving this goal.

Adaptive Project Framework (APF)

Also known as Adaptive Project Management (APM). It was developed to address the potential for unforeseen factors during a project, particularly in IT, where traditional project management may be less effective. The framework operates under the premise that project resources are subject to change, including budget, timelines, and team member transitions. This approach prioritizes a project’s existing resources over those that may be required.

Extreme Project Management (XPM)

Projects with notable unpredictability often require this project management approach. It involves continuously adjusting processes until the intended outcome is achieved. This type of project includes numerous impromptu modifications, and it is not uncommon for teams to alter strategies weekly.

Adaptive Software Development (ASD)

This methodology facilitates teams in adapting to changing requirements efficiently. The process emphasizes continuous adaptation, and the project phases of speculation, collaboration, and learning ensure continuous learning throughout the project.

Teams utilizing ASD may experience all three phases simultaneously due to the non-linear structure, resulting in overlapping phases. The fluidity of this management style may increase the probability of team members rapidly identifying and solving problems through constant repetition of the three phases, as opposed to traditional project management approaches.

Dynamic Systems Development Method (DSDM)

This methodology emphasizes a comprehensive project lifecycle, resulting in a more rigid structure and foundation than other Agile methodologies.

DSDM consists of four phases:

  1. Feasibility and business study
  2. Functional mode or prototype iteration
  3. Design and build iteration
  4. Implementation

Feature Driven Development (FDD)

Customer input is vital to this methodology because the team prioritizes the features that customers need. This model allows teams to update projects frequently and quickly implement fixes if there are errors. The phases of the framework are constantly moving, making it easy to cycle through and update projects.

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Agile Methodology Implementation Steps

After determining that Agile methodology suits your company and projects, learning how to implement it effectively is essential. Although it may vary between companies, there are several typical steps to adhere to, as follows:

Obtain the Support of Managers and Stakeholders

Before implementing the new project methodology, it’s essential to ensure all team members are aligned and agree with the change. For successful implementation of Agile, it is advisable to communicate with key stakeholders, educate them on the benefits of Agile, address any concerns they may have, and respond to their inquiries.

Take Small Steps

Starting with a small project, obtaining feedback, and then applying it to other projects within the organization is a logical approach to implementing the Agile methodology, as incremental progress is fundamental to its success.

Excite Your Team

The effectiveness of Agile projects depends on the team’s level of collaboration and communication. Adopting Agile may encounter obstacles if the team lacks commitment or resistance to change. Besides, one of the key tenets of Agile prioritizes the importance of individual interactions over processes and tools.

Set up Agile Teams

Agile teams are self-organizing, cross-functional teams that work together to deliver customer value. Establish the right roles and ensure that the right people have the authority to make decisions and act.

Adopt a Framework That Works for You

There are numerous Agile frameworks and practices available for implementation. And each framework has unique requirements and areas of focus. That’s why it’s crucial to choose an Agile framework that aligns with your processes and adhere to it. For example, if you implement Scrum, ensure your team follows a daily work plan for each sprint and attends daily Scrum.

FAQs About Agile Methodologies

Keeping track of ongoing projects, along with managing unclear details, is the goal of the Agile project management approach. Its core principles include continuous delivery, iteration, adaptability, and short time frames, making it a suitable choice for projects without precise constraints, deadlines, or resources.

An Agile mindset is a cognitive approach emphasizing comprehension, cooperation, education, and adaptability to attain superior performance outcomes. This particular approach to thinking enables teams to adjust to changes instead of being hindered.

A product backlog is often broken down into smaller, more manageable chunks called user stories. In a project, each user story represents a specific feature or task. Categorizing these user stories is then based on their importance and urgency. Prioritizing the backlog is the responsibility of the product owner.

Scaling agile can be difficult due to organizations’ diverse structures and commercial needs. As a result, many scaling frameworks are available, and the idea of a one-size-fits-all solution is false. 

Despite this, Scrum is a popular scaling framework since it is the basis for many other frameworks. Using Scrum as a foundation for solving scaling issues is effective because it can be extended with additional techniques.

Rob Paredes
Article by

Rob Paredes

SafetyCulture Content Contributor
Rob Paredes is a content contributor for SafetyCulture. Before joining SafetyCulture, he worked as a financial advisor, a freelance copywriter, and a Network Engineer for more than a decade. Rob's diverse professional background allows him to provide well-rounded, engaging content that can help businesses transform the way they work.