Learn the methodology that top businesses are using to streamline their processes.
Published 26 May 2022
3P stands for Production, Preparation, and Process. It is a lean manufacturing method that helps businesses to assess and improve their production processes. The goal of 3P is to streamline production, eliminate waste through product, and increase efficiency. First, companies must identify all of the steps in their production process and any bottlenecks or waste sources.
They then need to create a plan for improving the process, taking into account the resources and constraints of the business. Once the plan is set, companies can implement the changes and track their progress to achieve their desired results.
Employees working together
The advantages and disadvantages of using 3P are listed below.
Kaizen is a philosophy of incremental improvement. It means that, rather than making sweeping changes all at once, Kaizen advocates for constantly making minor changes to slowly but steadily improve.
Meanwhile, 3P is a tool often used in Kaizen. 3P aids in identifying and streamlining the steps necessary to complete a task. By breaking down a task into steps, you can more easily see improvements.
For example, if you are trying to improve the efficiency of your assembly line. Using the 3P tool, you would break down the process of your assembly line into steps, which might look something like this:
By looking at each step, you might identify areas where there is room for improvement. For example, you might find it more efficient to move the raw materials closer to the assembly line or that products could be shipped out quickly if packaged differently.
You can more easily see where improvements can be made by breaking processes down into steps. It helps ensure that Kaizen is a continuous process of progress rather than a one-time event.
Let’s look at a few examples where 3P initiatives have been successful.
A 3P project is often completed with a new product release, but it may also refresh a design. The production preparation process for an existing operation would be a complete makeover, unlike Kaizen, which usually entails minor changes.
The goal of 3P is to develop goods that may be manufactured in a flow process. It is the same as manufacturing design, but it’s crammed into a short period.
Lean tools such as 3P are one of the most powerful lean techniques accessible, with the potential to unleash creativity, rapid learning, and improved collaboration. Because 3P is also a more “complex” continuous improvement procedure, organizations that have used methods like Kaizen have a better chance of success.
If you consider implementing the 3P approach in your organization, remember these things.
There are many reasons for using 3P in your organizations, but here are a few of the most important ones:
3P follows a specific methodology designed to help identify areas of improvement in the manufacturing process. Here are the steps that usually happen in a 3P event.
The team’s goal is to figure out the essential customer requirements. The project team deconstructs a product design or prototype into parts and raw materials to see how each works.
A Fishbone diagram or equivalent method shows the flow from raw material to finished product. Next, the team analyzes each branch of the diagram and brainstorms terms (e.g., roll, rotate, form, bend) to describe the transformation (or “change”) made at each point.
The project team looks for real-world examples of each process keyword. For example, a group might look at how a plant grows in nature to determine what “growth” means. Then, the examples are put into groups and the ones that show the process best are chosen. Next, team members discuss how a particular manufacturing process can use the same methods found in nature.
In these situations, sub-teams are established, and each member is assigned a different method for completing the operation. The best sketch is selected for basic mock-ups.
The team creates a low-cost prototype and then tests the selected procedure, spending several days (if necessary) working with many mock-up variations to ensure it fulfills the requirements.
After an idea has been tested, it is shown to a larger group of people to get their feedback.
Suppose the project is chosen to go forward. In that case, a project implementation leader is selected who works with the team to set milestones, establish processes, and define resources and distribution of responsibilities.
With any lean methods initiative, it is essential to have a way to document findings and track progress. iAuditor by SafetyCulture is a leading inspection app that companies can use to streamline their process by allowing teams to document observations and share them quickly.
It helps ensure that everyone is on the same page and that prompt corrective actions are taken. Moreover, with iAuditor, teams will have the benefits of:
Rob Paredes is a content contributor for SafetyCulture. He is a content writer who also does copy for websites, sales pages, and landing pages. Rob worked as a financial advisor, a freelance copywriter, and a Network Engineer for more than a decade before joining SafetyCulture. He got interested in writing because of the influence of his friends; aside from writing, he has an interest in personal finance, dogs, and collecting Allen Iverson cards.
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