VACCP: Top 5 Food Fraud Vulnerability Assessment Templates

Report food fraud proactively and streamline VACCP compliance using your mobile device.

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Published December 14th, 2020

What is VACCP?

Vulnerability Assessment Critical Control Points (VACCP), or Food Fraud Vulnerability Assessment is a systematic method that proactively identifies and controls food production vulnerabilities that can lead to food fraud. VACCP aims to help protect businesses from the risk of food fraud that can cause serious food safety incidents, costly product recalls, business closure, and legal action.

This article will briefly discuss:

What is a food fraud mitigation plan?

After conducting a food fraud vulnerability assessment, a good food fraud mitigation plan must be designed to address all factors identified during the evaluation. GFSI requires proper documentation of the food fraud mitigation plan which also varies depending on the type of business, as well as the products, risks, ingredients, and geographical occupancy. A food fraud mitigation plan should also address areas such as management processes, workplace culture and ethics, supplier management, and food distribution processes.

Is Food Fraud Illegal?

Food fraud is the deliberate “substitution, addition, tampering, or misrepresentation of food, food ingredients, or food packaging” for economic gain. While the consequences of food fraud may mostly go undetected by the human body, this does not nullify its harmful effects. Countless food fraud incidents over the last few decades proves how serious the threat it poses to public health. To prevent these incidents from recurring, food authorities globally have implemented various legal and certification requirements to hold food companies liable for the quality and safety of their products (e.g., FSMA, Regulation (EU) 2017/625). Non-compliance and violation of these food safety regulations and policies can lead to legal repercussions such as fines, suspensions, seize and detainment of shipments, and worse closure.

Food Fraud Types

Here are some of the types of food fraud and example cases:

  • Counterfeiting – substitution of ingredients and products with similar packaging or the mixing of inferior quality ingredients to increase the volume of products, e.g. counterfeit spices (saffron, oregano, pepper) being mixed with different materials
  • Adulteration – adding ingredients like sugar or sweeteners to honey or maple syrup in order to produce a similar taste while adding volume or, in the case of baby formula, adding melamine to reach the desired “protein” count
  • Dilution – olive oil mixed with other types of oil, wine with grape blends, and fruit juices diluted in water then mixed with other ingredients to produce a similar taste while increasing volume
  • Mislabeling – examples are cases of horse meat mixed with beef but labeled and sold as beef, organic food being sold but found to have traces of “non-organic” ingredients, and mislabeled seafood being sold in the market

HACCP, TACCP, VACCP: What’s the Difference?

While there are control points among the three that overlap, the intention or goal is unique for each of them:

HACCP – stands for Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point and its goal is to identify and mitigate hazards during food production and ensure that the product is safe for consumption

TACCP – stands for Threat Assessment Critical Control Point and it aims to protect food products from deliberate contamination with the intention to cause harm

VACCP – seeks to identify and control vulnerabilities in the food supply chain that can be susceptible to food fraud

Implementing VACCP

Proactively finding fraud vulnerabilities in the supply chain by conducting food fraud vulnerability assessments and working to address issues in a timely manner is crucial to protect food and beverages from food fraud and ensure consumer safety. Effective implementation of VACCP, however, can be hindered by the dependence on paper-based auditing. Time wasted on gathering and reporting on findings can be better spent resolving vulnerabilities.

iAuditor, the world’s most powerful mobile auditing app, can help you effectively:

  • Conduct paper-less food fraud vulnerability assessments;
  • Immediately taking action to correct time-sensitive vulnerabilities in the supply chain; and
  • Review measurable audit results on an online platform and conveniently track the progress of assigned tasks intended to address issues.

To save you time, we have digitized below VACCP and food fraud assessment templates to help you with conducting powerful food fraud vulnerability assessments. All iAuditor templates are customizable so you can better fit them to your business needs.


Jona Tarlengco

SafetyCulture staff writer

Jona has been part of SafetyCulture for more than 2 years contributing her experience in writing quality and well-researched content. She usually writes a topic about risks, safety, and quality.