Published 30 Nov 2022
What is a Pressure Vessel Inspection?
A pressure vessel inspection, also known as a boiler inspection, is a safety check done regularly to ensure that pressure vessels are safe to hold liquids or gases under pressure. Pressure vessel inspections help prevent boiler or pressure vessel failure that can lead to costly damage to property, business reputation, or loss of life.
A pressure vessel inspection checklist is used by engineers and boiler inspectors to help ensure that pressure vessels are safe to hold liquids and gases under pressure. It is used when conducting external and internal inspection of pressure vessels, as well as inspecting safety devices and piping systems. This SafetyCulture (formerly iAuditor) template is created based on a document on the inspection of unfired pressure vessels. Inspectors can use this to:
- Take photos and make notes on issues found during inspections.
- Assign corrective actions using mobile devices.
- Automatically store reports for easy recordkeeping and utilize the data for future reference.
- Meet industry standards by customizing the digital template according to the type of boiler or pressure vessel.
In this article
- Why Use Pressure Vessel Inspection Checklists?
- What to Include in a Pressure Vessel Inspection Checklist?
- How Often Should Pressure Vessels be Inspected?
- Pressure Vessel Inspection Requirements
- 3 Main Causes of Pressure Vessel Failure
- Pressure Vessel Inspection App
- Featured Pressure Vessel Inspection Checklists
Why Use Pressure Vessel Inspection Checklists?
Boilers and pressure vessels vary by shape, construction materials, working pressure, vessel threads, safety features, and maintenance features. Engineers, safety officers, or boiler inspectors use pressure vessel inspection checklists to help maintain the good working condition of pressure vessels and their safety accessories which keep liquid and gas pressure in check. Boilers are common devices for industrial heating and humidification applications, and pressure vessels are used to hold liquids, vapors, or gases at high pressures.
What to Include in a Pressure Vessel Inspection Checklist?
Below are the general items to check during pressure vessel inspections:
- Vessel mountings
- Check for defects, cracks, or deformations
- Threads and threaded connections
- Special closures
- Free from cracks, deterioration, and corrosion
- Proper seal
- Intact bolts
- Check for rust, corrosion, and damage
- Rupture disks
- Provision of expansion and support
- Free from leakage, corrosion, erosion, cracking
How Often Should Pressure Vessels be Inspected?
Generally, pressure vessels should be inspected at least once every two years and tested at least once every five years. Visual examinations of pressure vessels, or storage tanks/vessels that operate at pressures above 15 psig (pound-force per square inch gauge), should also be conducted after installation, before operation, and during maintenance to detect potential cracks and ensure boiler and pressure vessel safety. This also applies to high-pressure vessels that will require regular inspections and monitoring.
Pressure Vessel Inspection Requirements
Inspection requirements for pressure vessels depend on country-specific regulations such as the Pressure Systems Safety Regulations of 2000 (PSSR) in the UK, regional guidelines such as the Pressure Equipment Directive of 2014 (PED) from the European Commission, and applicable industry standards such as the Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).
3 Main Causes of Pressure Vessel Failure
There are several causes of pressure vessel failure that can have dangerous consequences if not caught early and immediately corrected during routine inspections. Consider these common reasons why pressure vessels become unfit for use and watch out for them during routine inspections.
1. Hardware issues
Error in vessel design, plate material used, construction, or installation can cause cracks and erosion on boilers and pressure vessels that could lead to leakage or rupture. Compliance with industry standards for the manufacture of boiler pressure vessel valves can help prevent failures and other hardware issues.
2. Errors in repair
Welding, coating, and other methods of pressure vessel repair that do not conform with standards may not properly address issues and render the vessel unsafe for use. Periodic inspections should be conducted by engineers or boiler inspectors to proactively determine if boilers, pressure vessels, and safety devices are still in good working condition or already in need of repair or replacement.
3. Lack of monitoring
Prolonged use of pressure vessels without periodic maintenance or routine inspections can lead to catastrophic accidents. Whether inspections are done annually or every 4 hours, they can help keep the vessels at optimal condition and prevent unforeseen accidents if they are conducted by competent personnel.
Wrong material used and lack of internal audits contributed to the rupture of a pressure vessel in 2009 that caused injury, damage to nearby businesses, and loss of life in the state of Illinois.
Pressure Vessel Inspection App
SafetyCulture can help engineers and inspectors conduct external and internal inspections of pressure vessels to determine their soundness to withstand pressure while holding liquids or gases. With SafetyCulture, you can:
- Conduct scheduled pressure vessel inspections with a mobile device
- Capture and store unlimited photos of issues found during inspections
- Immediately assign corrective action for urgent issues and receive live status updates
- Share inspection reports through the app with superiors and colleagues
- Automatically organize recordkeeping for long-term storage of information as required
- Customize checklist templates to fit the type of boiler or pressure vessel and meet the requirements of industry standards
Featured Pressure Vessel Inspection Checklists
This pressure vessel safety checklist is used for routine inspections of pressure vessels in a German-owned discount supermarket chain with over 10,000 stores in 20 countries. Use this checklist to record details of compressor packs, system racks, and enthalpy units and take photos of the low temperature receiver, pressure relief valve discharge point, and medium temperature receiver. Easily customize this checklist to meet your business needs using SafetyCulture’s drag-and-drop template editor.
A boiler inspection checklist is used for inspecting oil or gas-fired boilers before issuance of certification. Use this checklist to perform an internal, external, and operational inspection of boilers and specify boiler efficiency details such as Oxygen %, Stack Temp., PSI, and more. Converted using SafetyCulture, select Safe-At Risk-N/A when inspecting insulation, safety relief valve, and combustion control system, among others.
A boiler log sheet is used to document the daily inspection of boilers to make sure that the pressure and temperature are within the recommended range. Use this log template to record scheduled daily inspection or multiple inspections within a day to maintain the safety of boilers. Utilize SafetyCulture’s scheduling feature and don’t miss another periodic boiler inspection.