What is a Dust Risk Assessment?
A dust risk assessment is a tool used by safety officers to control tasks so that they do not create high levels of construction dust such as silica, wood, and lower toxicity dust. It helps to evaluate if the amount of dust emission magnitude exceeds with the Workplace Exposure Limit (WEL) in construction activities like demolition, earthworks, construction, and trackout.
Why Perform Dust Risk Assessment?
Overexposure to dust can lead to chronic diseases such as lung cancer, silicosis, and asthma. According to the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) report, over 500 construction workers die from exposure to silica dust every year in the United Kingdom alone. As compliance with the COSHH Regulations (2002), preventive measures should be implemented to protect employees from overexposure to hazardous substances.
This article briefly discusses: (1) best practices to implement control measures, (2) technology for conducting dust risk assessments, and (3) digital dust risk assessment templates you can use for free.
Click here to download free & customizable Dust Risk Assessment Checklists
Best Practices to Implement Control Measures
Following the hierarchy of controls can be effective in implementing the right control measures to reduce health risks. Evaluate the risk and identify the level of priority before implementing any course of action.This would help secure employees from overexposure to harmful substances and prevent incidents and injuries.
This is the most effective control measure because it entails physically removing or avoiding hazards. For example, use special cutting techniques to prevent the formation of dust rather than grinding or sawing.
This involves replacing hazardous equipment with non-hazardous ones. For example, rather than mixing dry components, use dust-suppressed materials and emulsions.
3. Engineering Controls
This control measure physically isolates people from hazards or creates physical controls to help minimize risk. For example, creating a physical enclosure of dust-formulating procedures under negative air pressure.
4. Administrative Controls
This control measure limits employees’ exposure to the hazards by controlling the extent of the exposure. For example, reducing the number of employees and changing the frequency and duration of exposure to construction dust.
5. RPE (Respiratory Protective Equipment)
This control measure helps protect employees from first-hand exposure to construction dust. For example, using a respirator or mask when cutting wood to avoid direct inhalation of wood dust or other harmful substances.
Technology for Conducting Dust Risk Assessments
Performing dust risk assessments and implementing control measure can be a regulatory burden for safety officers due to huge amount of paperwork. Using a mobile inspection app like iAuditor, you can easily identify dust risk levels and assign corrective measures in real time. It also helps to streamline validating report documentation processes. iAuditor offers:
- ✓ Unlimited photo attachment with detailed notes using a handheld device.
- ✓ Cloud-based recordkeeping that can be accessed via mobile device or desktop.
- ✓ Premium subscription for easy analysis through analytics dashboard.
Try iAuditor Dust Risk Assessment App for Free
Top 3 Dust Risk Assessment Checklists
A dust risk assessment checklist helps to monitor employees’ exposure to construction dust and implement control measures to prevent acquisition of respiratory related diseases. This template has been built to guide safety officers to perform the following:
- Describe the work to be assessed;
- Identify dust hazard in the workplace and assess injury severity and likelihood;
- Refer to risk matrix to identify the risk rating;
- Record the selected control measures and provide description to support measures;
- Provide overall recommendations; and
- Sign off with a digital signature to validate record of assessment.
✓ Check this beginner's guide on how to use risk matrix when performing risk assessments.
This dust assessment checklist is used by safety officers to evaluate dust hazards in the workplace. It helps to check if preventive and ventilation processes were applied before work commencing. It also covers assessment of dust disposal if properly executed.
This COSHH assessment checklist was based on HSE and was converted using iAditor. It is used to evaluate hazards, chemical usage, and workers involved in the workplace. It records Workplace Exposure Limits (WELs), emergency procedures, and methods of prevention set by the management to control the exposure of hazards.