Final Inspection Checklist

Ensure a fully compliant, occupancy-ready property with a digital checklist

Published February 15th, 2021

What is a Final Inspection Checklist?

A final inspection checklist is used by building inspectors to check newly constructed or remodeled commercial and residential properties for code compliance. Building inspectors can also choose to give a final inspection checklist to contractors and homeowners even before conducting the final inspection so that safety issues are addressed earlier.

This article will discuss the following:

For commercial properties, a final inspection checklist typically includes the following items:

  • ROW (Right-of-Way) sidewalk
  • Parking striping and signs
  • Handrails and guardrails for stairs
  • Interior doors and hardware

In addition to these items, the building inspector will also use the final inspection checklist to evaluate overall accessibility and MEP systems.

For residential properties, a final inspection checklist typically includes the following items:

  • Light fixtures and outlets
  • Stair headroom and width
  • HVAC and plumbing system
  • Electrical switchboard panels

In addition to these items, the building inspector will also use the final inspection checklist to examine smoke detectors, insulation, and drywall.

Before the Final Inspection

There are many steps to accomplish in the inspection process before the building inspector can issue a certificate of occupancy. The first step in this process is the foundation inspection, which is conducted before the concrete is poured. A thorough foundation inspection is crucial as some parts of construction cannot be fixed after the concrete has been poured. Examples of this are pier depths, structural rebar, footings, stem walls, and retaining walls.

The next step in the inspection process is the rough-in inspection, which is composed of three inspections (mechanical, electrical, and plumbing or MEP) and may sometimes include the framing inspection as well. The mechanical and plumbing inspections, similar to the foundation inspection, must be conducted before the systems are concealed.

Final Inspection vs Final Walkthrough

The main difference between a final inspection and a final walkthrough is that the final inspection is usually conducted by the city’s building inspector while the final walkthrough is completed by the buyer of the property. A final walkthrough or pre-settlement inspection is the buyer’s right to ensure that the property is in the same condition as the initial walkthrough. Building inspectors cannot conduct pre-settlement inspections without the presence of the buyer as they would not be privy to what was stated in the purchase contract.

How to Conduct Efficient Final Inspections

Though final inspections are conducted only when the property is 100% complete and all the construction work has ended, as the last inspection before occupancy, it’s important for the building inspector to still be on the lookout for code violations. As the primary enforcer of safety, it’s the building inspector’s responsibility to ensure a fully compliant, occupancy-ready property.

However, since building inspectors often have to fit multiple inspections in one day, they also need to conduct final inspections efficiently as well. Here are three tips on how to do just that:

Prepare Documents Beforehand

Before leaving for the building site, review all available information such as inspection history, what inspections have passed, what has not passed, problems associated with the project, and individual inspection records. Preparing these documents beforehand can save the building inspector valuable time on the field and may lead to the discovery of issues previously missed by other inspectors.

Give the Contractor a Heads-Up

If an issue has been identified, it’s good to let the contractor know in advance so that they can resolve it before the final inspection. Informing the contractor what the building inspector will be looking for during the final inspection can also result in less code violations such as notches, cuts, and penetrations in structural frame elements and lack of accessibility for safe egress.

Use a Digital Final Inspection Checklist

For building inspectors, paperwork takes up most of their day, though it doesn’t have to. With a digital final inspection checklist, submitting inspection reports and occupancy permits is fast and hassle-free. No need to type everything up, since a digital final inspection checklist does the work for you. Additionally, digital final inspection checklists are easier to share with contractors and fellow inspectors than paper checklists.

Why Use iAuditor for Final Inspections?

iAuditor by SafetyCulture is an all-in-one inspection solution. iAuditor is available on iOS and Android as a mobile inspection app and on desktop as a digital inspection platform. iAuditor is free-to-use and can help you do the following:

  • communicate effectively with contractors and property owners via collaborative actions
  • schedule recurring and one-off final inspections and set the date, time, and duration
  • view inspection history and filter data by site, area, or final inspection checklist template
  • send final inspection reports via email, web link, or download as PDF, Word, and CSV

Point out corrections, code violations, and safety issues to ensure that only the best buildings pass your final inspection. Get started for free with iAuditor today or download any of our featured final inspection checklist templates below for free.

Published February 15th, 2021

What is a Final Inspection Checklist?

A final inspection checklist is used by building inspectors to check newly constructed or remodeled commercial and residential properties for code compliance. Building inspectors can also choose to give a final inspection checklist to contractors and homeowners even before conducting the final inspection so that safety issues are addressed earlier.

Featured template

View more templates

This article will discuss the following:

For commercial properties, a final inspection checklist typically includes the following items:

  • ROW (Right-of-Way) sidewalk
  • Parking striping and signs
  • Handrails and guardrails for stairs
  • Interior doors and hardware

In addition to these items, the building inspector will also use the final inspection checklist to evaluate overall accessibility and MEP systems.

For residential properties, a final inspection checklist typically includes the following items:

  • Light fixtures and outlets
  • Stair headroom and width
  • HVAC and plumbing system
  • Electrical switchboard panels

In addition to these items, the building inspector will also use the final inspection checklist to examine smoke detectors, insulation, and drywall.

Before the Final Inspection

There are many steps to accomplish in the inspection process before the building inspector can issue a certificate of occupancy. The first step in this process is the foundation inspection, which is conducted before the concrete is poured. A thorough foundation inspection is crucial as some parts of construction cannot be fixed after the concrete has been poured. Examples of this are pier depths, structural rebar, footings, stem walls, and retaining walls.

The next step in the inspection process is the rough-in inspection, which is composed of three inspections (mechanical, electrical, and plumbing or MEP) and may sometimes include the framing inspection as well. The mechanical and plumbing inspections, similar to the foundation inspection, must be conducted before the systems are concealed.

Final Inspection vs Final Walkthrough

The main difference between a final inspection and a final walkthrough is that the final inspection is usually conducted by the city’s building inspector while the final walkthrough is completed by the buyer of the property. A final walkthrough or pre-settlement inspection is the buyer’s right to ensure that the property is in the same condition as the initial walkthrough. Building inspectors cannot conduct pre-settlement inspections without the presence of the buyer as they would not be privy to what was stated in the purchase contract.

How to Conduct Efficient Final Inspections

Though final inspections are conducted only when the property is 100% complete and all the construction work has ended, as the last inspection before occupancy, it’s important for the building inspector to still be on the lookout for code violations. As the primary enforcer of safety, it’s the building inspector’s responsibility to ensure a fully compliant, occupancy-ready property.

However, since building inspectors often have to fit multiple inspections in one day, they also need to conduct final inspections efficiently as well. Here are three tips on how to do just that:

Prepare Documents Beforehand

Before leaving for the building site, review all available information such as inspection history, what inspections have passed, what has not passed, problems associated with the project, and individual inspection records. Preparing these documents beforehand can save the building inspector valuable time on the field and may lead to the discovery of issues previously missed by other inspectors.

Give the Contractor a Heads-Up

If an issue has been identified, it’s good to let the contractor know in advance so that they can resolve it before the final inspection. Informing the contractor what the building inspector will be looking for during the final inspection can also result in less code violations such as notches, cuts, and penetrations in structural frame elements and lack of accessibility for safe egress.

Use a Digital Final Inspection Checklist

For building inspectors, paperwork takes up most of their day, though it doesn’t have to. With a digital final inspection checklist, submitting inspection reports and occupancy permits is fast and hassle-free. No need to type everything up, since a digital final inspection checklist does the work for you. Additionally, digital final inspection checklists are easier to share with contractors and fellow inspectors than paper checklists.

Why Use iAuditor for Final Inspections?

iAuditor by SafetyCulture is an all-in-one inspection solution. iAuditor is available on iOS and Android as a mobile inspection app and on desktop as a digital inspection platform. iAuditor is free-to-use and can help you do the following:

  • communicate effectively with contractors and property owners via collaborative actions
  • schedule recurring and one-off final inspections and set the date, time, and duration
  • view inspection history and filter data by site, area, or final inspection checklist template
  • send final inspection reports via email, web link, or download as PDF, Word, and CSV

Point out corrections, code violations, and safety issues to ensure that only the best buildings pass your final inspection. Get started for free with iAuditor today or download any of our featured final inspection checklist templates below for free.

Author

Zarina Gonzalez

SafetyCulture staff writer

Zarina is a Content Specialist for SafetyCulture. She is a Creative Writing graduate who enjoys discovering new ways for businesses to improve their safety, quality, and operations. She is working towards helping companies become more efficient and better equipped to thrive through change.