Job Safety Analysis

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Published February 4th, 2021

What is Job Safety Analysis?

Job Safety Analysis (JSA), or Job Hazard Analysis (JHA), is a process of looking at a work task and considering what is the safest way to complete it. The JSA process typically involves breaking a job down into smaller tasks and observing a worker performing it, identifying the potential hazards for each task, and determining preventive measures and controls to overcome these hazards.

Why is Job Safety Analysis Important?

A job safety analysis is important because it increases job knowledge, establishes teamwork, serves as a health and safety standard and teaching aid, and supports accident investigations at work. Dangerous jobs benefit the most from a JSA because it can reduce or eliminate hazards that cause serious injuries or fatalities.

Are Job Safety Analysis Required by OSHA?

While federal regulations generally require hazard assessments, OSHA provides detailed guidelines for conducting a Job Hazard Analysis—often used interchangeably with Job Safety Analysis—in this document. As one of the tools used for hazard assessments, regularly performing a job safety analysis can help proactively ensure compliance with OSHA standard 1910.132:

The employer shall verify that the required workplace hazard assessment has been performed through a written certification that identifies the workplace evaluated; the person certifying that the evaluation has been performed; the date(s) of the hazard assessment; and, which identifies the document as a certification of hazard assessment.”

When Should a Job Safety Analysis be Completed?

A JSA can be conducted on many jobs in your workplace, but priority should go to the types of jobs that have:

  1. Highest injury or illness rates;
  2. Potential to cause severe or disabling injuries or illness, even if there is no history of previous accidents;
  3. Simple human error which could lead to a severe accident or injury;
  4. Undergone changes in processes and procedures; and
  5. Complexity enough to require written instructions.

Top 10 Most Dangerous Jobs in the United States

The US Bureau of Labor Statistics’ recent workplace fatality census identified the top 10 most dangerous jobs in the US. These dangerous jobs would benefit significantly from a JSA process.

  • Logging Workers
  • Fishers and related fishing workers
  • Aircraft pilots and flight engineers
  • Roofers
  • Refuse and recyclable material collectors
  • Structural iron and steelworkers
  • Driver/sales workers and truck drivers
  • Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers
  • First-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workers
  • Miscellaneous agricultural workers

How to Conduct a Job Safety Analysis

A JSA template is used when performing a JSA procedure and is used to generate a safety and recommendation report. These four key steps can help you get started with performing more effective JSAs:

  • JSA Step #1: Choose the right job

    • Choose a job which has a high accident frequency, severity and result in serious injuries
    • A job which has exposure to hazardous and harmful products
    • Newly established jobs which there is lack of experience and where hazards may not be anticipated.
    • Modified jobs due to changes of procedures
    • Infrequently performed jobs or non-routine jobs which put workers into greater risk
  • JSA Step #2: Break a job into steps

    • Don’t be too general yet not too detailed
    • Rule of thumb is 10 steps
    • Arrange steps into correct sequence
    • Items start in verbs
    • Make notes about “What is done” not “How it is done”
    • Job should be observed during the normal times and situations
    • Only regular tools and equipment should be used
  • JSA Step #3: Identify potential hazards

    When identifying hazards, ask the right questions:

    1. Is the worker at risk of falling, slipping and tripping?
    2. Is the worker exposed to extreme temperatures?
    3. Is the worker at risk of getting caught between objects?
    4. Is the worker exposed to explosive and combustible materials?
    5. Is the worker at risk of electrocution?
  • JSA Step #4: Set preventive measures

    • Eliminate the hazards by using a different process, modifying an existing process, improving the environment and changing tools.
    • Contain hazard by using machine guards, enclosures, workers booths or similar devices if hazard is impossible to be eliminated.
    • Reorganize work procedures.
    • Minimize exposure by reducing the number of times the hazard is encountered.

Job Safety Analysis Examples

Writing a job safety analysis can seem challenging at first, but with continuous practice, workers can master breaking down their job tasks, identifying hazards, and implementing controls. Listed below is an OSHA example of a job hazard analysis:

  • Job Location: Metal Shop
  • Analyst: Joe Safety
  • Date: January 31, 2020
  • Task Description: The worker reaches into the metal box to the right of the machine, grasps a 15-pound casting and carries it to the grinding wheel. The worker grinds 20 to 30 castings per hour.
  • Hazard Description: Picking up a casting, the employee could drop it onto his foot. The casting’s weight and height could seriously injure the worker’s foot or toes.
  • Hazard Controls:
    • Remove castings from the box and place them on a table next to the grinder.
    • Wear steel-toe shoes with arch protection.
    •  Change protective gloves that allow a better grip.
    • Use a device to pick up castings.

Here is another example of a job safety analysis using iAuditor JSA templates:

job safety analysis

Job Safety Analysis Example | Download JSA Template

Click here to view the full Job Safety Analysis Report PDF with annotated images and digital signatures.

Job Safety Analysis Toolbox Talk Topics

Discussing relevant topics in daily or weekly toolbox talks can positively impact safety outcomes. Consider the following toolbox talk topics in relation to job safety analysis:

Free JSA App and Job Hazard Analysis Software

Workplace safety is more than a bureaucratic activity; it is an ethical responsibility. Demonstrate how you value safety daily by empowering frontline workers to detect and control hazards at the onset. With a free JSA app like iAuditor, teams across different sites can perform a job safety analysis on mobile devices and send hazard assessments with annotated photos and digital signatures in real-time.

job safety analysis app

How to Use iAuditor for Job Safety Analysis | Job Safety Analysis App

Job Safety Analysis in Construction

JSA can be one of the most critical safe work practices that workers could ever do, especially when working in high-risk conditions such as in the construction industry.

Forward-thinking leaders in one of America’s largest roofing companies needed a better way to efficiently manage teams working on dangerous projects across the United States. The solution changed corporate culture from the bottom up—every worker on every roof does one inspection on iAuditor every day.

“Once we started preaching that message to them that this is an empowerment tool, it just caught like wildfire… We are now able to attribute volume of quality inspections with a decrease in incidents and injuries, and we all win.” – Ro Lewis, Director of Health and Safety

Author

Shine Colcol

SafetyCulture Staff Writer

Shine has been professionally writing about virtually anything since her internship for a digital publisher of niche blogazines. She is passionate about building a culture of continuous improvement in the environmental, health, safety, and quality space through well-researched, engaging, and impactful content.