Perform easier and more meaningful job safety analysis in your workplace by using a mobile device anytime, anywhere.
Published February 4th, 2021
Job Safety Analysis (JSA), or Job Hazard Analysis (JHA), is a process of looking at a work task and considering what is the safest way to complete it. The JSA process typically involves breaking a job down into smaller tasks and observing a worker performing it, identifying the potential hazards for each task, and determining preventive measures and controls to overcome these hazards.
A job safety analysis is important because it increases job knowledge, establishes teamwork, serves as a health and safety standard and teaching aid, and supports accident investigations at work. Dangerous jobs benefit the most from a JSA because it can reduce or eliminate hazards that cause serious injuries or fatalities.
While federal regulations generally require hazard assessments, OSHA provides detailed guidelines for conducting a Job Hazard Analysis—often used interchangeably with Job Safety Analysis—in this document. As one of the tools used for hazard assessments, regularly performing a job safety analysis can help proactively ensure compliance with OSHA standard 1910.132:
“The employer shall verify that the required workplace hazard assessment has been performed through a written certification that identifies the workplace evaluated; the person certifying that the evaluation has been performed; the date(s) of the hazard assessment; and, which identifies the document as a certification of hazard assessment.”
A JSA can be conducted on many jobs in your workplace, but priority should go to the types of jobs that have:
The US Bureau of Labor Statistics’ recent workplace fatality census identified the top 10 most dangerous jobs in the US. These dangerous jobs would benefit significantly from a JSA process.
A JSA template is used when performing a JSA procedure and is used to generate a safety and recommendation report. These four key steps can help you get started with performing more effective JSAs:
When identifying hazards, ask the right questions:
Writing a job safety analysis can seem challenging at first, but with continuous practice, workers can master breaking down their job tasks, identifying hazards, and implementing controls. Listed below is an OSHA example of a job hazard analysis:
Here is another example of a job safety analysis using iAuditor JSA templates:
Job Safety Analysis Example | Download JSA Template
Click here to view the full Job Safety Analysis Report PDF with annotated images and digital signatures.
Discussing relevant topics in daily or weekly toolbox talks can positively impact safety outcomes. Consider the following toolbox talk topics in relation to job safety analysis:
Workplace safety is more than a bureaucratic activity; it is an ethical responsibility. Demonstrate how you value safety daily by empowering frontline workers to detect and control hazards at the onset. With a free JSA app like iAuditor, teams across different sites can perform a job safety analysis on mobile devices and send hazard assessments with annotated photos and digital signatures in real-time.
How to Use iAuditor for Job Safety Analysis | Job Safety Analysis App
JSA can be one of the most critical safe work practices that workers could ever do, especially when working in high-risk conditions such as in the construction industry.
Forward-thinking leaders in one of America’s largest roofing companies needed a better way to efficiently manage teams working on dangerous projects across the United States. The solution changed corporate culture from the bottom up—every worker on every roof does one inspection on iAuditor every day.
“Once we started preaching that message to them that this is an empowerment tool, it just caught like wildfire… We are now able to attribute volume of quality inspections with a decrease in incidents and injuries, and we all win.” – Ro Lewis, Director of Health and Safety
It is important when performing the inspection to let the workers know that you are observing the task and not the individual worker or their performance. iAuditor by SafetyCulture is the world’s most powerful cloud-based inspection platform where you can perform your JSA and JHA, capture photos of tasks and hazards, and generate PDF reports on the spot.
SafetyCulture Staff Writer
Shine has been professionally writing about virtually anything since her internship for a digital publisher of niche blogazines. She is passionate about building a culture of continuous improvement in the environmental, health, safety, and quality space through well-researched, engaging, and impactful content.
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© SafetyCulture 2021