Job Safety Analysis Made Simple

Job Safety Analysis (JSA) is an effective process to improve workplace safety and productivity. This article will help you understand what a JSA is and why it is important, jobs best suited for a JSA, effective tips when completing a JSA and free JSA templates you can modify and use for your workplace.

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What is a JSA and Why is it Important?

Job Safety Analysis (JSA) also known as Job Hazard Analysis (JHA) is a process of looking at a work task and considering what is the safest way to complete it. The process typically involves:

  1. Breaking a job down into smaller tasks and observing a worker performing it
  2. Identifying the potential hazards for each task
  3. Determining preventive measures and controls to overcome these hazards

Dangerous jobs benefit the most from a JSA because it can reduce or eliminate hazards that cause serious injuries or fatalities. A JSA increases job knowledge, establishes teamwork, serves as a health and safety standard and teaching aid, and supports accident investigations at work. A JSA template is used when performing a JSA procedure and is used to generate a safety and recommendation report.

What Jobs are Appropriate for a JSA?

A JSA can be conducted on many jobs in your workplace but priority should go to the types of jobs that have:

  • Highest injury or illness rates;
  • Potential to cause severe or disabling injuries or illness, even if there is no history of previous accidents;
  • Simple human error which could lead to a severe accident or injury;
  • Undergone changes in processes and procedures; and
  • Complexity enough to require written instructions

Top 10 most dangerous jobs in the United States

The US Bureau of Labor Statistics’ recent workplace fatality census identified the top 10 most dangerous jobs in the US. These dangerous jobs would benefit significantly from a JSA process.

  1. Logging Workers
  2. Fishers and related fishing workers
  3. Aircraft pilots and flight engineers
  4. Roofers
  5. Refuse and recyclable material collectors
  6. Structural iron and steel workers
  7. Driver/sales workers and truck drivers
  8. Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers
  9. First-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workers
  10. Miscellaneous agricultural workers

4 Key Steps for a Successful JSA

These four key steps can help you get started with performing more effective JSAs:

1. Choose the right job

  • Choose a job which has a high accident frequency, severity and result in serious injuries
  • A job which has exposure to hazardous and harmful products
  • Newly established jobs which there is lack of experience and where hazards may not be anticipated.
  • Modified jobs due to changes of procedures
  • Infrequently performed jobs or non-routine jobs which put workers into greater risk

2. Break a job into steps

  • Don’t be too general yet not too detailed
  • Rule of thumb is 10 steps
  • Arrange steps into correct sequence
  • Items start in verbs
  • Make notes about “What is done” not “How it is done”
  • Job should be observed during the normal times and situations
  • Only regular tools and equipment should be used

3. Identify potential hazards

When identifying hazards, ask the right questions:

  • Is the worker at risk of falling, slipping and tripping?
  • Is the worker exposed to extreme temperatures?
  • Is the worker at risk of getting caught between objects?
  • Is the worker exposed to explosive and combustible materials?
  • Is the worker at risk of electrocution?

4. Set preventive measures

  • Eliminate the hazards by using a different process, modifying an existing process, improving environment and changing tools.
  • Contain hazard by using machine guards, enclosures, workers booths or similar devices if hazard is impossible to be eliminated.
  • Reorganize work procedures.
  • Minimize exposure by reducing the number of times the hazard is encountered.

Sample JSA Template

A JSA template is a critical tool to help you perform JSAs. It is important when performing the inspection to let the workers know that you are observing the task and not the individual worker or their performance. Preview this sample completed JSA template report. This template was generated using iAuditor, the world's #1 cloud inspection software and app. You can download and use this template for free using iAuditor.

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JSA template app
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Free JSA Templates

iAuditor is the world’s most powerful cloud-based inspection platform. Use the iAuditor mobile app to perform your JSA and JHA, capture photos of tasks and hazards and generate PDF reports on the spot. Browse for more JSA templates here.

  1. Job Safety Analysis Template
  2. OSHA Job Hazard Analysis Form
  3. Comprehensive Job Hazard Analysis Template

iAuditor is the World's #1 Inspection Software and App

iAuditor gives you the flexibility to power any inspection you require - onsite, underground, and across the globe. Inspect construction sites, restaurants inspections for food safety, conduct temperature checks, pre-flight checks, toolbox talks and more. It is the mobile forms inspection solution for all industries.

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Follow these 5 steps to start performing mobile inspections

  1. Create a free iAuditor account to get started
  2. Download a template above and modify it for your workplace or browse other checklist topics
  3. Install the iAuditor app on your mobile or tablet and perform an inspection
  4. Take photos, create actions and generate reports on your device
  5. Invite your teammates. Save time, save lives
Click here to get started