Below are steps you can take to manage an outbreak and, hopefully, prevent another one:
Develop an Infectious Disease Preparedness and Response Plan
Employers should explore available guidance from federal, state, local, tribal, and/or territorial health agencies in developing a plan. Carefully review these and consider how it can be incorporated into various worksites and job tasks in the organization. In developing an infectious disease preparedness and response plan, consider the following factors:
- Sources of COVID-19 that workers may be exposed to (e.g., general public, customers, co-workers, sick individuals, etc.)
- Non-occupational risk factors at home and in community settings
- Workers’ individual risk factors (e.g., old age, presence of chronic medical conditions, pregnancy, immunocompromising conditions)
- Controls necessary to address risks
To help you out, we are providing pre-made checklists that you can use for free. These checklists are based on available guidance from the local authorities of each region sorted below:
SafeWork Australia Checklists
UK Government Reopening Checklists
Implement Basic Infection Prevention Measures
Ensure the safety and well-being of workers through preventive measures. Employers should establish good hygiene and infection control practices, which include:
- Frequent and thorough handwashing with soap and water and use of alcohol-based hand rubs with at least 60% alcohol
- Encouraging workers to stay home if sick
- Encouraging respiratory etiquettes, such as covering coughs and sneezes and use of cloth masks
- Establishing policies and best practices for flexible worksites and work hours and use of social distancing strategies
- Maintaining regular cleaning routines and disinfecting of surfaces, equipment, and other elements of the work environment, especially those that are frequently touched
Develop, Implement, and Communicate a Workplace Adaptability Plan
Providing support to working employees during the pandemic can help minimize negative consequences for workers, employers, and their families. As workers return to work, employers must be cautious to prevent a resurgence and keep the business operational. Employers must establish workplace flexibilities and protections. A good example of this is to actively encourage sick employees to stay home and implement flexible policies for sick leaves and telework or work from home. Employers should also provide adequate, usable, and appropriate training and information for various job functions to ensure that these are performed according to COVID-19 health and safety policies.
Develop Procedures for Prompt Identification of Affected People
Identification and isolation of potentially infectious individuals is critical in protecting workers, customers, visitors, and other individuals in the worksite. Employers should implement proactive measures, including the following:
- A health monitoring system that checks for signs and symptoms of COVID-19 upon arrival and departure of employees from the worksite
- A reporting process in case someone is identified as sick and experiencing symptoms of COVID-19
- A room or designated area with closed doors to isolate potentially infectious individuals until they can be removed from the worksite
Implement Workplace Controls
The best way to control workplace hazards is to systematically remove them from the workplace. However, during a COVID-19 outbreak, eliminating the hazard may not be possible. Therefore, employers should take the following protection measures:
- Engineering controls – this type of control reduces the exposure to hazards without relying on worker behavior. (e.g., installation of physical barriers, installing high-efficiency air filters, installation of a drive-thru window for customer service)
- Administrative controls – this type of control requires action by the worker or employer. It involves changes in work policies or procedures to reduce or minimize exposure to a hazard. (e.g., establishing staggering shifts, discontinuing nonessential travels, telework, training, etc.)
- Safe work practices – this is a type of administrative control that includes procedures for safe and proper work to reduce duration, frequency, or intensity of exposure to a hazard. (e.g., hand washing hygiene)
- Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) – this type of control is considered to be the most effective as it not only minimizes exposure but also prevents certain exposures. However, PPE’s shouldn’t take the place of other prevention measures. (e.g., gloves, goggles, face shields, face masks, etc.)
Follow Existing Industry-guided Standards
As governments across the world reopen their economies, resources for industry-specific guidance are made available to help businesses operate safely. Federal, state and local government agencies are best sources for information during the outbreak of COVID-19. Employers and business owners should carefully review these guidelines to help protect the safety of their employees, customers, and other stakeholders.
Helpful Resources to Combat COVID-19
The COVID-19 outbreak condition changes every so often, and without a vaccine available, threats of resurgence are high. Establishing a safe business plan can help substantially mitigate the number and severity of workplace risks caused by the pandemic while reducing costs to employers.
To help business owners, iAuditor by SafetyCulture provides COVID-19 resources such as templates and checklists that are useful in implementing and managing health and safety protocols in the workplace. Review and customize templates according to your business need and use them to enhance your safety protocols in the workplace.
Disclaimer: Please note that these checklists are hypothetical examples and provide basic information only. They are not intended to take the place of medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. You should also seek professional advice to determine if the use of such checklists are permissible in your workplace or jurisdiction.
COVID-19: Screening Checklist for Visitors and Employees
Healthcare institutions and assisted living providers can use this COVID-19 screening checklist to help ensure the safety of their institutions and control the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus.
COVID-19 Cleaning and Personal Hygiene Inspection Checklist
Follow CDC guidelines for cleaning and hygiene to prevent the spread of COVID-19. Use this cleaning checklist in your workplace and empower the cleaning staff with the right steps in cleaning and disinfection.
Daily Cleaning and Personal Hygiene Inspection (COVID-19) Checklist
Use this daily cleaning and personal hygiene inspection checklist when conducting regular cleaning inspections following CDC guidelines for cleaning and hygiene to prevent the spread of COVID-19. You can also use this template to assess if the different areas in the establishment are presentable, clean, organized, and sanitized. iAuditor templates are fully customizable to fit the needs of your establishment.
Social Distancing Checklist for Communal Areas
This social distancing plan template can serve as a pandemic planning tool for businesses/employers to help in implementing strict social distancing measures in communal areas.
Social Distancing Plan Template for Workspaces Checklist
This social distancing plan template can serve as a pandemic business planning tool to help employers in implementing strict social distancing measures in workplaces, especially those that are categorized as essential businesses.